Impressions of Niue, part two An index to the 2005 slide show
text and photographs by Floor Anthoni (2005)
This slide show brings more inpressions of
Niue, from both above and under water. Photographs were taken in July 2005,
about 18 months after cyclone Heta. Owners of the latest Seafriends CD
will be able to see the large, screen-sized images (800x600 pixels) when
clicking on a thumbnail or link. Use your browser's back button to return
to this index.
CD users can also activate the simple slide
show from here. Use function key 11 for full screen view. To read more about Niue, its geography, history
and ecology, visit the extensive web site devoted to Niue: www.seafriends.org.nz/niue/index.htm .
go to the Seafriends home page: www.seafriends.org.nz/index.htm
For suggestions and improvements, please
the author. e-mail -- Seafriends home -- Niue
index --Rev 20051203,
after the cyclone, life recovers
0507006 new coconuts are now
growing on hard-hit trees. Cyclone Heta blew trees down stripping them
from their leaves and nuts, particularly in the coastal zone, but
many are recovering.
0507105 Niue derives its name
from the coconut tree. Niue has no open beaches bordered by coconut trees,
so a photo of an isolated coconut tree by the sea is difficult to arrange.
0507140 coconuts are still
economically important. Once Niue exported copra but no longer. As a result,
there are now more trees than required. Good for the coconut crab who eats
the rotten fruit.
0507008 for some trees, recovery
is problematic. These trees survived many cyclones but some show that Heta
was exceptional. This shows the recovery after 18 months.
f223202:this rock destroyed
a house. For it to be moved, water must flow faster than 30 km/h on this
plateau raised 30m above the sea.
: 0507031:a little house gecko
visits a bar. The life of a young one is risky. Exploring the taste of
beer, it actually became drunk.
0507033:no larger than one
inch (25mm) it did taste the beer and became unsteady. Here it is seen
0507046:young nonu fruit. Nonu
fruit grows all year round, which promises a steady supply for the nonu
juice factory, but the wild fruit remains sparse on the dense forest floor.
0507014: coconut sunset.
0507163: sunset in paradise.
Because Niue is a steep rock without beaches, photos of sunsets over coconut
trees on beaches are not possible.
0507057: sunset behind a niu leaf. Niue is the word for cocount tree.
0507064: sunset at Avatele.
This bare tree did not survive the storm and died a year later.
f223127: the sun sets on Washaway
Cafe, which survived Cyclone Heta because of its more sheltered loaction.
f223132:patrons inside the
Washaway Cafe. This is a favoured spot for socialising in the weekend evenings.
f223130:outrigger canoe in
the sunset. Avatele lagoon has the only 'beach' on the island.
0507363:the Crazy Uga is also
a washaway cafe, with splendid views but located at a dangerous spot.
ceremony at Government House, in the early morning.
f222916: the flag is raised
while the national anthem is sung and hailed by loudhailer.
0507082:the container transporter
is a recent Niuean invention and already indispensable.
0507083:the see-saw container
transporter lifts and hangs a container in between its forked cradle.
0507111:by tipping its cradle,
a container can be lifted one side at a time.
0507085: the Capitaine Féarn
unloading in the early morning.
0507092:watching the unloading
from Tomb Point is is done by many.
0507193:a vanilla plantation
with vines strung over live tree frames.
0507195: a vanilla vine. Here
the tree frame has been pruned to allow sunshine through on the vines.
0507198: vanilla is an orchid,
here shown with one of its covering petals removed. The flower grows a
long pod which is dried when ripe.
0507304: Mark Cross is a celebrated
painter and photographer. Here he shows a panorama of Limu Pools during
a charity sale for cyclone sufferers elsewhere.
0507324: a rugby match
is a national affair. In the background the cameras of Niue's local TV
0507321: Niue (blue/yellow)
vs New Caledonia (red/white) on the school ground.
0507328: the whole island turns
0507327: this has to be
a score. The French lose.
0507329: song and music rate
highly in Niue, wherever people meet.
0507336: large pawpaw (papaya)
tree pruned by cyclones. Pawpaw was long conisdered poor-men's food.
0507493: unloading the fish
catch into a truck. Boats need to be small enough to be hauled out before
0507492: unloading the fish
catch, most of which is large tuna.
0507496: various species of
tuna: yellowfin, albacore, skipjack. Also wahoo, dolphinfish and billfish.
0507498: not bad for a day's
fishing. Tuna like these fetch a good price on world markets, justifying
their transport by plane.
0507499: Niue's fishing fleet
can be hoisted out of the sea. Boats also need to be large enough to go
out to the edge of the continental shelf, no mean feat.
0507505: a 'Super Alia' out
of the water for repair. Essentially two aluminium canoes joined together
and powered by two 40hp outboard motors.
f223010: a woman gleaning the
reef with an axe. The reef still provides for sustenance, even though the
work is time consuming.
f223011: gleaning the reef
for sustenance. Where waves roll in all year, the reefs are essentially
protected by nature.
f223019: reef gleaning may
change the environment. It may also affect the growth rate of these reefs.
0507207: a fully restored sea
track leads to a apot where canoes can be launched with some difficulty.
0507219: Hikutavake sea track
leads to an interesting reef flat with much sea life.
0507368: Misa has friends in
high places. Misa is the forest ecologist of Niue.
0507375: a young fruit bat
meeting a friendly stranger. These bats have long nails that hurt a little
when holding it like this.
0507379: young fruit bat prefers
human company after Cyclone Heta. They are intelligent creatures.
0507383: young male fruit bat.
These bats can grow rather large. They are called 'flying dogs' in other
0507388: native wood pigeon.
A number of wood pigeons have chosen to stay with Misa after Cyclone Heta.
0507421: Misa's ecological
forest tour is full of surprises.
0507476: making fire with wood
from the fou tree (a hibiscus). A chisel pointed stick is rubbed fiercely
over a broad anvil, while heaping glowing cinders up on one end.
0507481: Misa makes fire in
less than a minute
f222925: sea track towards
the Matapa chasm
f222928: safe swimming in the
Matapa chasm where cool fresh water enters from many springs in this steep
f223214: the rough track to
Talava cave and arches.
f222930: sea cave leading to
the Talava arches.
f223203: sink hole at Talava
with a curtain of dripstone.
f222933: Talava sea cave
f223206: Talava arches are
impressive. A bridge with two arches in front and another one in the distance.
f223206: Talava arches are
impressive, dwarfing visitors.
f223005: the Hio sea track
covers many bridges.
f223024: sea track to Palaha
cave makes a sudden turn to disappear into a small hole.
f223026: Palaha sea cave is
large and beautiful
f223104: looking into Palaha
cave. Notice its size relative to the human figure.
f223107: Palaha cave
f223111: Palaha cave is large
and deep. Spot the human figure?
f223118: pools in Palaha cave
f223216: whale spotting from
the high terrace
f223221: adventurous roads
through dense coastal vegetation
f223226: Tautu sea cave gives
easy access to the reef flats
f046311: snorkelling in ultra
clear water is a dizzying experience.
0507186: sea urchins can inflict
painful stings. The local cure is to pee on it as the stings come out by
themselves and their black patches disappear.
0507121: the fringing reef
flat with rock pools at Amanau, opposite the fish factory.
0507182: large spiders spinning
large orbs, at times spanning across an entire road.
0507183: a beautiful feathery
0507403: one of Niue's pretty
0507402: house geckos own the
ceilings at night and their antics are fun to watch.
0507405: a gecko flees with
its prey. Sme evenings bring more moths than an army of geckos can eat.
0507530: land crabs can live
in the attic and are active by day and night. This is a large male with
potent nipers. (Geograpsus grayi)
0507098: one of Niue's native
0507101: the purple lily has
little white flowers
0507409: orchids thrive in
0507411: red orchids in a garden
0507417: giant forest taro
serves as emergency food in long droughts.
0507436: large fungi on a tree
0507466: fungi on a rotting
f223034: christmas tree flowers
f223220: coastal saltspray
f047224: a sea snake slowly
wending its way to the surface for a deep breath.
f047316: a gathering of sea
snakes at 10m depth.
f047009: detail of a rare crested
jellyfish (Cephea sp.)
f047010: crested jellyfish
f047012: crested jellyfish
f046312: a branching pink stylophora
coral has survived cyclone Heta in shallow water
f046531: detail of a Porites
coral shows transparent polyps with brown algal cells in their tissues
of the same Porites coral polyps
f046709: one year's growth
of a brown-purple encrusting coral (Montipora sp.)
f046710: detail shows widely
spaced polyps of Montipora.
f047021: detail of a star coral
f047023: mushroom coral is
not attached (bottom side)
(Fungia fungites) top side
f047516: slipper coral lives
detached from the rock (Fungia sp)
f047517: bottom side of slipper
coral is mushroom like
f046821: long polyps of a leathery
coral (Sarcophyton sp)
f046823: tentacles of a
leathery coral (Sarcophyton sp) can snap shut
f046824: closeup of coral tentacles
f046825: closeup of a brain
f046826: closeup of brain coral
f046828: leathery corals
with long polyps (Sarcophyton trocheliophorum)
f046830: detail of polyps.
f046833: super closeup of small
f046523: super closeup of a
coral with very small transparent polyps
f047522: enlarged detail of
an acropora coral species (Pocillopora verrucosa)
f047525: closeup of coral polyps
f047606:detail of a pink table
coral (Acropora hyancinthus)
f047607:an Acropora antler
f047612: a spiralling leaf
f047613: detail of spiralling
leaf coral (Pachyseris speciosa)
f047615: a fast growing branching
f047622: detail of white Acropora
plate coral (Acropora hyancinthus)
f047631: an intriguing coral
polyp pattern of a leaf coral (Pavona minuta)
f047632: a cascade of leathery
corals (Sarcophyton trocheliophorum)
f047003: large bluefin trevally
melampygus). These fish can gro 30 years old and large and colourful.
f047709: young bigeye trevallies
( Caranx sexfaciatus)
f046324: black lined convict
tangs ( Acanthurus triostegus) browsing algae in shallow water
f046323: yellowfin goatfish
( Mulloidichthys vanicolensis) and convict tangs (Acanthurus triostegus)
f046330: white spotted surf
tang ( Acanthurus guttatus) groups are becoming large
f046908: sleeping surf tang
( Acanthurus guttatus) has turned its yellow tail white
f047123: unidentified surgeonfish
f047124: Pacific sailfin tang
( Zebrasoma veliferum)
f047419: beautifully painted
brown tang ( Acanthurus nigrofuscus?)
f047907: lined bristletooth
( Ctenochaetus striatus). Bristletooths belong to the surgeonfishes.
f047512: these large grey unicornfish
have two colour forms but no horns (Naso caesius). They can change
f047903: blue-striped sugeonfish
( Acanthurus lineatus). One of the most beautiful tangs is very shy.
f047906: blue-striped surgeonfish
( Acanthurus lineatus)
f047918: velvet-skinned Achilles
tang ( Acanthurus achilles)
f046407: a peppered squirrelfish
by night ( Sargocentron punctatissimum). Sea urchin: Echinometra
f046509: a cook's reef-flat
cardinalfish by day ( Apogon cookii)
f047105: beautiful tiger cardinalfish
( Cheilodipterus macrodon)
f046537: a beautiful south
seas devil ( Chrysiptera taupou) in a rock pool. This is a damselfish.
f046713: a spotfin silver squirrel
fish (Neoniphon sammara)
with dark band ( Myripristis kuntee)
in a cave ( Myripristis kuntee)
f047116:blotched big-eye ( Heteropriacanthus
f046724:female emperor angelfish ( Pomacanthus emperator)
f046728: male emperor angelfish (Pomacanthus emperator). It has a territory and
f047132: beautifully painted
black yellowsnouted butterflyfish ( Chaetodon flavirostris)
f047936: dot & dash butterflyfish
( Chaetodon pelewensis)
f047014: very longnose butterflyfish( Forcipiger
f047934: some coralfish pair
up for life like these fourspot butterflyfish ( Chaetodon quadrimaculatus)
f047716: the peacock flounder
is so well camouflaged as to be almost invisible ( Bothus mancus)
f047718: peacock flounder ( Bothus
f047136: clearfin lionfish ( Pterois radiata). This lionfish is usually seen
f047324: adult common lionfish
( Pterois volitans). These fish like steep drop-offs and caves.
f047326: red lionfish adult ( Pterois volitans)
f047807: lionfish inside a
dark cave ( Pterois volitans)
f047808: lionfish are common
in Niue ( Pterois volitans)
f047536: large devil scorpionfish
( Scorpaenopsis diabolus) is well camouflaged
f047537: closeup of large devil
scorpionfish ( Scorpaenopsis diabolus)
f047735: well camouflaged large
blotched lizardfish ( Saurida nebulosa)
f047733: a lizardfish is a
fierce predator ( Saurida nebulosa)
f047734: a large camouflaged
lizardfish waiting in ambush ( Saurida nebulosa)
f047005: smalltooth jobfish
( Aphareus furca) has a forked tail and large mouth.
f047018: ring-eyed hawkfish
( Paracirrhites arcatus) hiding in a branched coral (Pocillopora
f047628: ring-eyed hawkfish
( Paracirrhites arcatus) emerging from its hiding place
f047027: strawberry grouper
( Cephalopholis spiloparaea) is very shy
f047028: three species of demoiselle
f046904: sleeping star-eye
parrotfish ( Calotomis carolinus) has black spotted pyjamas
f046906: detail of sleeping
parrotfish ( Calotomis carolinus)
f047913: a large sleeping redlipped
parrotfish ( Scarus ubroviolaceus)
f047915: detail of large parrotfish
f047922: sleeping red-lip parrotfish
f047932: sleeping red-lip parrotfish
f046917: sleeping marbled hawk
fish (Cirrhitus pinnulatus)
f046918: hawkfish have brushes
on their dorsal fins ( Cirrhitus pinnulatus)
f046936: commando porcupine
fish ( Diodon liturosus)
f047820: a clown triggerfish
( Ballistoides conspicillum)
f047116: blotched big-eye ( Priacanthus sp?)
f047534: unidentified scalyfin
f047635: blue-lipped Indian
humbug scalyfins (Dascyllus reticulatus)
f047707:a weedy surge wrasse (Halichoeres
f046515: a well camouflaged
f047736: a large shallow water
f047825: these reef needlefish
have long beaks (Strongylura incisa)
f047413: cornet fish or flutemouth
by night (Fistularia commersonii)
f047529: female network pipefish
is well camouflaged (Corythoichthys flavofasciatus)
f047531: closeup of female
(Corythoichthys flavofasciatus). It is surprising to find
these in the wild waters of Niue.
f047532: male pipefish has
a pouch full of eggs under its body (Corythoichthys flavofasciatus)
f046505: a baby white-eyed
moray eel ( Siderea thyrsoidea). This species does not grow large.
f046506: a large peppered moray
eel (Siderea picta) living in a rock pool
f046734: white-mouth moray
(Gymnothorax meleagris) has white spots. It is common.
f046736: mature white-mouthed
moray eel (Gymnothorax meleagris)
f047414: yellow-headed banded
moray eel (Gymnothorax rueppelliae)
f047416: yellow-headed moray
eel about to snap up an unsuspecting fish
f047427: a bent-jaw moray eel
( Enchelicore schismatorhynchus) looks rather threatening but is
usually very shy.
f047503: colossal green giant
moray eel dwarfs its 7cm cleanerfish. This one is unusually large, about
a man's torso in girth. (Gymnothorax javanicus)
f047528: closeup of giant green
moray (Gymnothorax javanicus). It can grow 2.5m long with a 30cm
diameter but this one is larger still.
0507279: a tiny crab surviving
above water ()
0507281: tiny crab ()
0507283: closeup of tiny crab
f046429: crabs often live in
tight quarters above and below water ( Planes sp?)
f046517: a female shore crab
a defensive pose Plagusia depressa tuberculata?)
f046519: female shore crab
well camouflaged Plagusia depressa tuberculata?
f046518: green coloured weak-shelled
shore crab (Grapsus grapsus tenuicrustatus?)
f046522: green coloured weak-shelled
shore crab has sharp spikes on its claws
f046526: unidentified small
yellow crab. Sponge crab (Dromia erythropus?)
f046527: yellow crab has black
nippers and yellow bristles
f047910: this large splendid
coral crab ( Etisus splendidus) is a delicacy in Niue
f047912: large splendid coral
crab ( Etisus splendidus) comes out at night in shallow water.
f047925: large spotted crab
is a delicacy (tutu) ( Carpilius maculatus)
f046408: the white-lined green
crayfish has very long feelers and mustache ( ) Panulirus
f046410: detail of the white-lined
cray ( ). Long
feelers but short body. Panulirus panversicolor
f047118: the green crayfish
( ) is much
sought after (uo) Panulirus marginatus
f047120: closeup of the green
crayfish (uo) ( ) Panulirus marginatus
f046931: slipper lobster out
at night (tapatapa) ( Scyllarides squammosus) or Paribacus sp?
f046425: the large-eyed hermit
crab ( Dardanus gemmatus) collects anemones on its shell
f047114: large-eyed hermit
crab with anemones (Dardanus pedunculatus?)
f046611: stalk-eyed hermit
crab with purple knees (Dardanus lagopodes)
f047514: purple knee hermit
in a circular saw top shell (Dardanus lagopodes)
f046722: brown hermit with
green knees and very long eyes (Aniculus retipes?)
f046921: hermit crab (?) by
f046933: letterbox hermit (?)
slides through a narrow cowrie slit
f046529: banded cleaning shrimp
hispidus) in a rock pool
f047100: a red cleaner shrimp
(?) outside its cave
f047920: red cleaner shrimps
f047103: marble humpback shrimp
with bristles ( Saron sp.)
f047405: a marble humpback
shrimp with bristles ( Saron sp.)
f047437: a red cleaner shrimp
f046401: a common sea cucumber
horrens), well camouflaged
f047904: a baby sea cucumber
at night (Stichopus horrens)
f047508: a very large sea cucumber
of 40cm length. (Thelenota anax)
f047509: front end of a very
large sea cucumber (Thelenota anax)
f047510: rear end of a very
large sea cucumber, the largest known (Thelenota anax)
f046404: small needle urchins
are a menace to night divers. Their stings cause a burning sensation.
f046405: sea urchins are industrious
burrowers, digging big holes in the rock
f047019: rivers of coral sand
flowing from urchin burrows. This amount was made in 6 months.
f046412: a harmonica sea cucumber
( Opheodesma sp.) with its sticky tentacles
f046616: erect pose of a harmonica
sea cucumber by night ( Opheodesma sp)
f046413: most featherstars
come out at night like this white one
f046415: many sea urchins have
various types of spines and colours (Echinothrix calamaris)
f046417: this white-spined
urchin nibbles algae from the rock (Echinothrix calamaris)
f046605: detail of sea urchin
with coarse and fine needle spines (Echinothrix calamaris)
f046903: detail of sea
f047110: colourful hollow-spined
needle urchin ()
f047431: grey long-spined needle
urchin (Diadema setosum)
f047403: sea urchins provide
protection for fish and crustaceans like this humpback shrimp (Saron
f046629: short spined urchin
has collected items on its back (Tripneustes gratilla)
f046630: short spined urchin
has long tube feet (Tripneustes gratilla)
f046631: short spined urchin
has tube feet with three colours (Tripneustes gratilla)
f046632: detail of long tube
feet and a field of short purple pedicellaria (Tripneustes gratilla)
f046633: star shaped field
of purple pedicellaria (Tripneustes gratilla)
f046919: stubby pencil urchin
has very long tubefeet (Eucidaris metularia)
f046924: the toxic urchin has
flowerlike pedicellaria that sting
f046925:closeup of toxic flower
urchin ( Toxopneustes pileolus)
f046926: super closeup of pedicellaria
f046607: this sturdy featherstar
is out by day and night
f046609: detail of sturdy featherstar.
It may well live from sunlight in symbiosis with plant cells. (?)
f047115: young yellow featherstar
f047407: we literally caught
this featherstar happily swimming in the open
f047423: a large five-armed
f047425: a hand shows size
of a large sea star (Mithrodia sp)
f047435: a fiery red serpent
star ( Leiaster speciosus)
f046403: an orange cowrie ( Lyncina
sp?), half covered by its fluffy mantle
f046406: a common cowrie (Cyprea
sp.) of the algal flats
f047107: a beautiful cowrie
(Cyprea sp.) at night
f046700: a tiger cowrie ( Cypraea tigris) is easy to find and very common
f046702: tiger cowries can
grow to 10 cm ( Cypraea tigris)
f046911: a salmon coloured
cowrie half covered by its mantle ( Luria isabella isabella)
f047428: beautiful cowrie exposed
f046622: common white cone
shell ( Conus sp) is very small
f046626: yellow lined cone
shell ( Conus sp) by night
f046627: mud whelk ( Nassarius
papillosus) prowling by night. This species burrows in sand by day.
f047109: the sturdy grazing
snail of the coral flats. Watch out for its spines, as it is easily stood
on. ( Muricanthus sp?)
f047231: a large trumpet whelk
is beautifully patterned (Cymatium tritonis) (Charonia tritonis)
f047233: the patterned opening
of a trumpet whelk (Cymatium tritonis)
f047236: a diver holds up a
large trumpet whelk (Cymatium tritonis)
f047433: a circular saw top
shell covered in pink paint (?)
f047625: scorpion conch ( Lambis chiragra chiragra)
f047626: scorpion conch salmon
f047029: a large giant clam
f046805: colourful giant clam
( Tridacna sp)
f046806: detail of colourful
f047313: purple-plipped giant
clam (Tridacna sp)
f047800: a metallic blue giant
f047802: detail of giant clam's
f047803: giant clam with coffee
f046419: the local octopus
is well camouflaged
f046424: detail of the octopus
eye and jet pipe
f047335: well camouflaged young
f047436: Bonellia is a very
long sea slug living in a small hole
f046927: a very long worm out
at night. Top left its head and bottom right its still knotted rear end
f047030: grapeweed has running
roots. (Caulerpa sp.)
f047507: short seaweeds with
running roots can thrive in Niue
f047212: red calcareous seaweeds
inside a dark cave. These form calcareous reefs.
f047515: a hardy, slow growing
green seaweed (Halimeda sp.)
0507227: halimeda and grapeweed
in the most exposed zone
0507277: pink rubber weed in
a rock pool
f047217: grazing surgeonfish
above pink paint coralline algae on which green thread algae grow.
f047229: all polyps withdraw
after touching only one on this leathery coral. The white one has its polyps
withdrawn. (Cladiella australis)
f047304: a recovering wonderland
of corals and fish
and pink anthias
f047312:many species of demoiselle
have claimed the recovering reef
f047315:coral, pink algae and
a deep blue sea
f047331:massive corals recovering
f047600: coral gardens recovering
near the Matavai resort
f047601: fleshy corals and
hard corals recovering fast
f047603: white corals in a
0507289: the coral flats near
Hikutavake are an excellent study area because their village has so few
people to exploit it.
0507228: the very exposed outer
reef flat is dominated by pink paint, tunneled through by small black urchins.
0507243: pock-marked outer
reef flat. Here the reef is growing outward.
0507237: pock-marked by sea
urchin burrows, the reefs hide their life well
0507240: the common grazing
periwinkle is sought after for food
0507241: one of the hardiest
grazers of the reef flat
0507242: a grazing chiton is
0507248: a beautiful hermit
crab (Aniculus sp) in a large periwinkle
0507252: closeup of hermit
crab (Aniculus sp)
0507255: a large sea cucumber
is not moved by the wavewash (Bohadschia paradoxa?)
0507257: a patterned cone shell
of the reef flats (Conus sp.)
0507262: a beautiful blue legged
hermit crab (Calcinus elegans)
0507265: detail of blue legged
hermit (Calcinus elegans)
0507269: strange limpets with
0507273: the spiky grazer of
the flat has a beautiful interior
0507275: a cone shell raiding
an egg capsule
0507288: parrotfish scrape
marks on the coral rock. Parrotfish live from the thin soup inside coral
0507124: a weak-shelled shore
crab (Grapsus grapsus tenuicrustatus) hanging from the ceiling of
0507125: weak-shelled shore
crabs moult both in and out of the sea
0507356: longlegged landcrab
0507359: longlegged land crab
on the road (Discoplax longipes)
0507360: mug shot of longlegged
0507362: back view of longlegged
0507423: the way to hold an
uga by its four long legs
0507428: uga do not normally
climb trees (Birgus latro)
0507429: mug shot of an uga
0507434: male uga have very
small parapodia under their bodies, seen in the centre of the photo.
0507517: this land hermit which
is not an uga, is still carrying a shell
0507518: young land hermit
with protective shell
0507520: young land hermit
with protective shell
0507535: feisty land crab (Geograpsus
0507541: male land crab brandishing
its nippers (Geograpsus grayi)
z0507315: Photography by Dr
J Floor Anthoni, firstname.lastname@example.org
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